Usage:This is a lactam anesthetic, the duration of action is 3 times than procaine.
The product is an amide anesthetic. In clinical anesthetics, occocaine is the most effective, the most toxic and the longest maintenance. The anesthetic strength of injection is 15 times that of procaine and 15 times of its toxicity. The effect was slower, about 15min, but the duration of action was 3 times that of procaine. The local irritation is small and the penetrating power is strong. It is used for topical anesthesia, infiltration anesthesia or epidural anesthesia.Dibucaine hydrochloride is a local anesthetic of the amide type now generally used for surface anesthesia. It is one of the most potent and toxic of the long-acting local anesthetics and its parenteral use is restricted. The drug blocks both the initiation and conduction of nerve impulses by decreasing the neuronal membrane's permeability to sodium ions. This reversibly stabilizes the membrane and inhibits depolarization, resulting in the failure of a propagated action potential and subsequent conduction blockade.
In combination sodium dibucaine hydrochloride is administered to dogs to induce rapid, humane, painless euthanasia. The euthanasia solution is toxic to wildlife. Euthanized animals must be properly disposed of by deep burial, incineration or other method in compliance with state and local laws.